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Ubuntu Linux 12.10 'Quantal Quetzal' Alpha 1 - New features in free OS

Early release offers a sneak peak at what's to come in the next version of Canonical's popular operating system

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The arrival of Ubuntu Linux 12.04 LTS "Precise Pangolin" was a major event a few weeks ago, not least because it is a Long Term Support release and thus a good, stable choice for both business and individual users.

Work never stops in the Linux world, however, and last week Canonical unveiled the first alpha version of Precise Pangolin's successor: Ubuntu 12.10, or "Quantal Quetzal".

The software is a very early pre-release, of course, and definitely not intended for production purposes. Still, it offers a compelling early peek at what's to come in the next version of Canonical's popular free and open source Linux distribution.

Here are a few highlights of what you'll find.

1. Linux Kernel 3.4

Linux creator Linus Torvalds released version 3.4 of the Linux kernel last month, and it's now been incorporated into Ubuntu 12.10. Particularly notable highlights of the new Linux 3.4 are driver support for several new graphics cards as well as a new security module and key updates to the Btrfs file system.

2. Single 800MB image

Also new with Ubuntu 12.10 is that the CD and DVD Ubuntu desktop images have been consolidated into a single 800MB image usable on either USB or DVD, according to the technical overview of the Alpha 1 software.

3. New look for update manager

Not much detail has been provided about this so far, but Ubuntu Linux 12.10 will feature "a slightly new look" for its Update Manager, the overview notes intriguingly. "More to come in the future," the developers add.

4. GNOME updates

Though GNOME 3.4 is the current version, some pieces of GNOME 3.5.1 and 3.5.2 have already arrived in Quantal Quetzal, "with more to follow," the developers note. GNOME 3.6 is expected to be what's ultimately included in the final version of Ubuntu 12.10.

5. Firefox and Thunderbird

Also included in Ubuntu 12.10 Alpha 1 are the newly released Firefox 13 and Thunderbird 13.

6. No more migration assistant

Because of the many bug reports that have been associated with it, the installer in Ubuntu 12.10 no longer offers the migration assistant that used to help migrate documents and settings from other operating systems. "The installer team felt that it was not worth the resources to bring it up to a level of quality sufficient to continue including it," the developers explain.

7. GCC 4.7

Whereas Ubuntu 12.04 LTS included version 4.6 of GCC, or the GNU Compiler Collection, Quantal Quetzal's Alpha 1 upgrades that to version 4.7.

8. Python 3.0

Last but not least, Ubuntu 12.10's desktop image will ultimately ship with only Python 3; Python 2 won't be included, the developers say. "Alpha-1 begins this process, with the installer and some other applications ported to Python 3," they note. "There are still quite a few packages left to port, and so Python 2 and 3 are both installed for the time being." Python 2 will continue to be available as the "python" package for the foreseeable future, however.

Two more alpha versions of Ubuntu Linux 12.10 are expected to arrive before the debut of the beta version in September, according to the software's release schedule. The final release is expected on October 18, with support through April 2014.


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Comments

André Viana said: are you aware of linux being a free OS free as in free speech not as free beermeaning that you can customise whatever you wantyou can even go back to a classic looking shellor even INSTALL KDE OR XFCE OR EVEN LXDEYES GUYSYOU CAN INSTALL GNOME SHELL WITH CLASSIC LOOKOMGDERPyou have chosen Ubuntu there are THOUSANDS of other distrosYET you chose ubuntu why complainingyou can now rage at me

André Viana said: admit it Canonical brought ubuntu to the top ubuntu is the most used linux distroeven if they dont develop anything new for upstream releases like debian they bring new users a friendly GUIyes i love unity and i find it MUCH MORE usefulyou can now rage at me

André Viana said: touch thanks

James said: Please replace UnityGnome shell with a desktop similar to Gnome 2atleast for desktopsProvide the option in login screen

Niklas Andersson said: Besides putting the software in the hands of millions

syncdram said: so tell me again exactly what has Canonical contributed again to yet another release besides other peoples work answer - nothing




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